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Environmental Factor, October 2015

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This month in EHP

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The October issue of Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) explores environmental influences on children’s health, from the benefits of visiting parks, to a new study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Just What the Doctor Ordered: Using Parks to Improve Children’s Health

In recent years, researchers have dramatically expanded their understanding of health benefits tied to visiting parks and some of the ways these benefits occur. Now, park visits are being integrated into children’s health care through park prescriptions and community health programs.

Growing a New Study: Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes

Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) is a new NIH study that will focus on four areas of public health concern — respiratory health, obesity and related conditions, pregnancy and birth outcomes, and neurodevelopment.

Research summaries featured this month include:

A One–Two Punch to Bone: Assessing the Combined Impact of Lead and a High-Fat Diet — A new study in mice found that lead exposure combined with a high-fat diet altered metabolic variables and bone quality more than each factor alone.

Obesogen Holdover: Prenatal Exposure Predicts Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Childhood — Researchers examined the link between prenatal exposure to three kinds of persistent organic pollutants and cardiometabolic risk, or the chance of developing diabetes, heart disease or stroke, in young children.

POPs and Pubertal Timing: Evidence of Delayed Development — Scientists evaluated three common classes of persistent organic pollutants that affect hormones and found that higher exposures were associated with later puberty in girls, not earlier as might be expected.

Exploring a Little-Known Pathway: Dermal Exposure to Phthalates in Indoor Air — Some studies predict that transdermal uptake of chemicals, or absorption through the skin, directly from air may be a potentially important route of exposure. In this human study, researchers confirmed that for some phthalates, dermal uptake from indoor air may be a significant exposure pathway.

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